Collection: Thyroid Care

  1. What are Thyroid gland and Para thyroid gland

The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland that is found on the front of the neck. 

Parathyroid glands are small, pea-sized glands, located in the neck just behind the butterfly-shaped thyroid gland and two parathyroid glands lie behind each 'wing' of the thyroid gland.

Both thyroid and parathyroid are endrocine glands responsible of secreting essential hormones that controls body metabolic rate, heartbeat, regulates body temperature and controls the level of essential minerals in blood


  1.  Thyroid hormones 

Hormones produced by thyroid gland are T3,T4 and Calcitonin.


Triiodothyronine ( T3 – Three atoms of iodine ) and Thyroxin ( T4- Four atoms of iodine ) are produced by thyroid gland with the help of  iodine.  These two hormones control metabolic rate heart beat and body temperature. T3 is the more active hormone that influences all activities in the body and most of the T4 will be converted to T3 at the cell level when ever required.


Calcitonin : This hormone helps to control level of calcium and phosphorous in  blood.


Parathyroid hormones: These hormones help to control levels of three essential minerals – calcium, magnesium and phosphorous in the body.


  1. How does they work

Hypothalamus located on the undersurface of the brain, receives input from the body about the state of many different bodily functions. When the hypothalamus senses that levels of T3 and T4 are low, or that the body's metabolic rate is low, it releases a hormone called thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH). TRH travels to the pituitary gland via the connecting blood vessels. TRH stimulates the pituitary gland to release (secrete) thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH).

TSH stimulates cells with the thyroid gland to secrete more T3 and T4. Both the hormone then released to bloodstream increase the metabolic activity .Once T3 hormone level in high hypothalamus senses it and stops secretion of TRH and thus pituitary gland stops production of TSH. 


Blood calcium level is regulated by a thyroid hormone called calcitonin and parathyroid hormones. Cells called osteoclasts in the bone releases calcium from bone to blood. Whenever calcium level is low in blood stream, parathyroid hormone release is triggered and calcium from osteoclasts cells of bone is released to blood. Similarly whenever the blood calcium level is high parathyroid hormone release is suppressed and thyroid gland releases a hormone called calcitonin that slows down the activity of osteoclasts.


So regulating blood calcium level has direct influence of thyroid hormone production and it is very important for normal functionalities thyroid gland.


  1. Thyroid disorder conditions?

Hyperthyroidism: It is a condition of overactive thyroid .Where thyroid gland produce too much of thyroid hormones. In these scenarios level of TSH will be low or in control but T3 & T4 level will be high. If the hyperthyroidism is due to auto immune condition then it is called Graves’ disease. 

Hypothyroidism : It is a condition of underactive thyroid. Where thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough thyroid hormone. . In these scenarios level of TSH will be high or in control but T3 & T4 level will be low. If the hypothyroidism is due to auto immune condition then it is called Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. 

Goiter : It is a condition of enlargement of thyroid gland due to hypothyroidism and Iodine deficiency 

Thyroiditis : Inflammation of the thyroid due to viral infection or autoimmune condition.

Thyroid Cancer: When abnormal cell mutate and form tumor in thyroid gland. 

Thyroid Nodule : A small abnormal mass or lump in the thyroid gland due to hyperthyroidism.

Thyroid Storm:  Rare of thyroid due to hyperthyroidism causing extreme illness.

Hyperparathyroidism :  It is a condition of overactive parathyroid . Where too much of parathyroid hormone is produced by parathyroid gland resulting in high level of calcium in blood.

Hypoparathyroidism: It is a condition of underactive parathyroid. Where very less parathyroid hormone is produced by parathyroid gland resulting in low level of calcium in blood.

  1. Causes for thyroid disorder

  • Calcium deficiency and less exposure to sunrays

  • Calcium is properly digested and absorbed by body through the hormone called 1,25D3.  

    This hormone is formed from Vitamin D. Sunrays being the important source of Vitamin D, less exposure to sunrays results in Vitamin D deficiency. 

    Thus Vitamin D deficiency leads improper digestion of calcium or calcium deficiency. As calcium has direct influence thyroid hormone productions it leads to thyroid disorder.

  • Autoimmune diseases.
  • The human body immune system guards against viruses and bacteria. In auto Immune   conditions, the auto anti bodies released by immune system mistakes part of our body considering it to be foreign and attacks the healthy cells. If it targets one organ pancreas then it results in type1 diabetes. 

    Though there is no proven cause identified for auto immune condition, various studies shows  that high intake of Junk/westernized food, GMO crop foods , A1 milk from genetically modified cows and frequent anti-biotic consumption are the cause for auto immune disease.


    1. Relation of calcium and thyroid disorder   

    Parathyroid gland and calcitonin hormone from thyroid gland regulate the calcium level in the blood. Cells called osteoclasts in the bone releases calcium from bone to blood. Whenever calcium level is low in blood stream, parathyroid hormone release is triggered and calcium from osteoclasts cells of bone is released to blood. Similarly whenever the blood calcium level is high parathyroid hormone release is suppressed and thyroid gland releases a hormone called calcitonin that slows down the activity of osteoclasts.

    So in the conditions of calcium deficiency and improper functioning of thyroid glands release of calcium from osteoclasts cells from bone to blood is not controlled resulting in degeneration


    1. Panchagavya way for treating thyroid disorders.

    Panchagavya Chikitsa is part of Ayurveda that cures ailments through 5 derivatives of desi cow – milk, curd, ghee,gobar and gomutra. Ancient Ayurvedic texts like Charaka Samhita , Shushruta samhita has mentioned various medicinal qualities of panchagavya and its derivates. 

    Ghee referred as agni in Ayurveda, promotes proper digestion and absorption of nutrition.    

    Bio-enchancing characterstics of Go-mutra and Ghee works as a best carrier medium for ayurvedic herbs that regulates the insulin production and proper functioning of pancreas.   Immunomodulatory and Immunostimulant properties of panchagavya helps to reverse autoimmune condition as well. Panchagavya balances the doshas, detoxes the body, enriches they body with vital nutrition and rejuvenates the body organs thus working as a wholesome healer.


    1. PENMAA’s treatment for thyroid

    PENMAA focuses on the root cause and aims to reverse the thyroid condition using Panchagavya Ayurveda.

    Our treatment plan includes 

    • Regulating digestion by directing/advising what and how to eat. 
    • Blood purification(Detoxification).
    • Regulating Calcium level in the blood.
    • Adjusting the immune system.
    • Rejuvenating the repaired organs.

    Thus we focus on holistic natural way to reverse diabetes.


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